The Double Interlock Preaction System with Electric/ Pneumatic Release is generally used to protect water sensitive areas such as computer rooms, storage areas, refrigerated areas etc., to avoid water damage due to inadvertent flooding of the sprinkler system piping.
In normal condition, preaction system does not contain water in the sprinkler piping. The sprinkler piping contains air pressure for the purpose of supervising its leak tightness.
This is most commonly used system. This system utilizes a Deluge Valve and Riser Check Valve. The Riser Check Valve isolates the Deluge Valve from the system air pressure. Riser Check Valve provides an air check so that the system can be automatically pressurized with a nominal supervisory air or nitrogen pressure of 10 psi (0.69 bar). A supervisory low pressure alarm switch can be set at nominally 6 psi (0.42 bar), on decreasing pressure, to indicate whether there are any abnormal leaks in the sprinkler system piping. Loss of air pressure from the system due to accidental leakage will not cause Deluge Valve to open.
The releasing trim for Deluge Valve utilizes a Solenoid Valve and a Dry Pilot Actuator in a series configuration. The system air pressure holds the Dry Pilot Actuator closed, whereas the Solenoid Valve remains closed until it is electrically energized by a Deluge Valve Releasing Panel (automatic control unit).
The Releasing Panel is operated either by a fire detection device or manual electric pull station. In order for the Double Interlock Pre-Action System to automatically actuate, two independent events must occur. The Deluge Valve Releasing Panel must operate and open the Solenoid Valve upon automatic operation of the electric fire detection initiating circuit and the sprinkler system piping must lose air pressure due to operation of one or more sprinklers. The Double Interlock Pre-Action System will automatically actuate only when both the Dry Pilot Actuator and the Solenoid Valve are open at the same time. Unintended opening of just the Dry Pilot Actuator or the Solenoid Valve will only cause an alarm and not actuate the system or flood the sprinkler system piping.